This page lists administrative and technical information about our breed.
The Fédération Cynologique Internationale
is the parent organization of 80 country members and partners.
F.C.I. Place Albert 1, 13 B - 6530 THUIN -Belgique-
The Société Centrale Canine is the only
organization in France associated with the FCI.
The Club Français du Spitz
Allemand et Italien and its President Mr. Jean-Claude Klein, provide technical
assistance for all the varieties and sizes of German Spitz (including
Pomeranian and Keeshond) and the Italian Volpino. He is the best source
for information on this breeds. In addition to the organization of National
Breed Show, he periodically publishes an informational revue (show results,
administrative information, advice on the health and well-being of these
may have a look at our FCI standard:
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Spitz breeds are captivating on account
of their beautiful coats, made to stand off by plentiful undercoat. Particularly
impressive is the strong, mane-like collar round the neck (ruff) and the
bushy tail carried boldly over the back. The foxy head with alert eyes
and the small pointed, closely set ears give the Spitz his unique characteristic,
BEHAVIOUR AND CHARACTER: The German Spitz is always attentive, lively and exceptionally devoted to his owner. He is very teachable and easy to train. His distrust to strangers and lack of hunting instinct make him the ideal watchdog for home and farm. He is neither timid nor aggressive. Indifference to weather, robustness and longevity are his most outstanding attributes.
Stop: Moderate to marked, never abrupt.
(In Wolfsspitz/Keeshond, Giant Spitz and Medium-size Spitz the ratio length of the skull is approximately 2:3, in Miniature Spitz and Toy spitz approximately 2:4.)
Lips: The Lips are not exaggerated, close fitting to the jaws and do not form any folds to the corner of the mouth. They are completely black in all colours, brown in brown Spitz.
Jaws/Teeth: The jaws are normally developed and show a complete scissor bite with 42 teeth, corresponding to the teeth formula of the dog, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Pincer-bite is permissible in all varieties of Spitz.
Cheeks: The cheeks are gently rounded, not protruding.
Eyes: The eyes are of medium size, longish shape, slightly slanting and dark. The eyelids are black in all shades of colour, dark brown in brown Spitz.
Ears: The small ears are set high and relatively close to each other, triangular and pointed; they are always carried upright, stiff at the tips.
Neck: The medium length neck is set broadly into the shoulders, slightly arched without throatiness and covered by a thick, profuse coat forming a large ruff.
Withers/Back: The height withers drop imperceptibly into the shortest possible, straight, firm back.
Loin: Short-coupled, broad and strong.
Croup: The croup is broad and short, not falling away.
Chest: The deep chest is well sprung, the fore chest well developed.
Lower line: The brisket reaches as far back as possible; the belly has only a slight tuck up.
Tail: The tail is set on high and of medium length. It reaches upwards and rolls forward over the back, straight from the root. It lies firmly over the back and is covered with very bushy hair. A double curl at tip of tail is tolerated.
General: Straight, rather broad front.
Shoulders: The shoulder-blade is long and well laid back. The upper arm, which is approximately the same length, forms an angle of 90 degrees to the shoulder-blade. The shoulder is well muscled and firmly connected to the brisket.
Elbow: The elbow joint is strong, close fitting to the brisket and turns neither in nor out.
Forearm: The forearm is of medium length in relation to the body, sturdy and completely straight. The back of the forearm is well feathered.
Metacarpus (Pastern): The strong, medium length front pastern stands at an angle of 20 degrees from the vertical.
Front feet: The front feet are as small as possible, round and closed, so called cat feet, with well arched toes. Toe-nails and pats are black in all shades of colour, but dark brown in brown dogs.
General: The hindquarters are very muscular and abundantly feathered to the hocks. The hind legs stand straight and parallel.
Upper and lower tight: Upper and lower tight are of about equal length.
Stifle: The stifle joint is strong with only moderate angulations and is turned neither in nor out in movement.
Metatarsal (Hock): The hock is of medium length, very strong and vertical to the ground.
Hind feet: The hind feet are as small as possible, tightly closed with well arched toes, so called cat feet. The pads are coarse. The colour of nails and pads is as dark as possible.
Gait/Movement: The German Spitz moves straight ahead with good drive, fluid and springy.
Skin: The skin covers the body tightly without any wrinkles.
Black Spitz: In the black Spitz the undercoat and skin
must also be black and the colour on top must be a shining black without
any white or other markings.
SIZE: Height at the withers:
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.